Prohibition of discrimination in other legislation

The Non-discrimination Act, which entered into force 30 December 2014, prohibits discrimination on the basis of age, origin, nationality, language, religion, belief, opinion, political activity, trade union activity, family relationships, state of health, disability, sexual orientation, or other personal characteristics. Discrimination is prohibited regardless of whether it is based on a fact or assumption about the person or another person.

The definition of discrimination in this Act includes direct and indirect discrimination, but also harassment, refusal to reasonably accommodate individual needs, and instructions and orders to discriminate.

Discrimination on these grounds is also prohibited under the Constitution, the Employment Contracts Act and the Criminal Code.

Monitoring compliance with the Equality Act

The Ombudsman for Equality and the National Non-Discrimination and Equality Tribunal monitor compliance with the Equality Act and realisation of equal treatment outside working life.

Labour protection officials (AVI) monitor compliance with the Equality Act at workplaces. A person who feels that they have been discriminated against at work or during recruitment on grounds that are prohibited in the Equality Act can turn to the relevant Occupational Safety and Health Inspectorate.

They can turn to the general law enforcement authorities; the Parliamentary Ombudsman or the Chancellor of Justice if they suspect that an authority or civil servant or another person in public office or a public organisation have acted incorrectly or have not fulfilled their duties.